†dagger disclosure The funds expense ratio is from the most recent prospectus. The expense ratio may reflect voluntary fee waivers and/or expense reimbursements determined by the funds Advisor and its affiliates. The voluntary waivers and/or reimbursements, if applicable, are in effect up to but not including the later of 01/01/2021 or the date of the funds next effective prospectus.
The fund's Institutional Shares commenced operations on December 29, 2010. For the period prior to the commencement of operations of the Institutional Shares, the performance information shown is for the fund's A Shares. The performance of the A Shares has not been adjusted to reflect the expenses of the Institutional Shares, since the Institutional Shares has a lower expense ratio than the expense ratio of the A Shares. The performance of the A Shares has been adjusted to reflect the absence of sales charges and adjusted to remove any voluntary waiver of fund expenses related to the A Shares during the period prior to the commencement of operations of the Institutional Shares.
Total returns for periods of less than one year are cumulative.
Total return may have been lower in the absence of temporary expense waivers or reimbursements.
Bond prices are sensitive to changes in interest rates, and a rise in interest rates can cause a decline in their prices.
International investing involves special risks including currency risk, increased volatility, political risks, and differences in auditing and other financial standards.
High-yield, lower-rated securities generally entail greater market, credit/default and liquidity risks and may be more volatile than investment-grade securities.
Fund income may be subject to state and local taxes. Although this fund pursues tax-advantaged income and seeks to invest primarily in securities whose interest is not subject to the federal alternative minimum tax, there are no assurances that it will achieve these goals.
There are no guarantees that dividend-paying stocks will continue to pay dividends.
As indicated in its name, Federated Muni and Stock Advantage Fund invests in both municipal (muni) securities and equity securities (stock) as described in the fund’s prospectus. Thus, the fund is not entirely a “tax-exempt” or “municipal” fund, and a portion of the income derived from the fund’s portfolio (or dividend distributions) will be subject to federal income tax and state and local personal income tax.
After-tax returns are calculated using a standard set of assumptions. Actual after-tax returns depend on each investor’s personal tax situation, and are likely to differ from those shown. The stated returns assume the highest historical federal income and capital gains tax rates, but do not reflect the effect of any applicable state and local taxes. Return After Taxes on Distributions assumes a continued investment in the fund and shows the effect of taxes on fund distributions. Return After Taxes on Distribution and Sale of Fund Shares assumes all shares were redeemed at the end of each measurement period, and shows the effect of any taxable gain (or offsetting loss) on redemption, as well as the effects of taxes on fund distributions. After-tax returns are not relevant to investors holding shares through tax-deferred programs, such as IRA, 401(k) plans. The after-tax average annual total returns are based on the 37% tax bracket and include the 3.8% tax on net investment income for the municipal portion.
Federal tax rates used in the taxable equivalent yields calculations are based on the 37% tax bracket and also include the 3.8% Medicare tax on municipal income. Consult with your tax advisor and attorney regarding your situation.
The tax law set specific dollar thresholds for each filing status above which the 20% qualified dividend income rate applies. Consult your personal tax advisor regarding your situation.
Mutual funds are subject to risks and fluctuate in value.
Product classifications noted at the top are Federated's internal classifications.
The ratings agencies that provided the quality breakdown ratings are Standard and Poor's, Moody's and Fitch. When ratings vary, the highest rating is used. Credit ratings of A or better are considered to be high credit quality; credit ratings of BBB are good credit quality, and the lowest category of investment grade; credit ratings BB and below are lower-rated securities ("junk bonds"); and credit ratings of CCC or below have high default risk. The credit quality breakdown does not give effect to the impact of any credit derivative investments made by the fund.
The holdings percentages are based on net assets at the close of business on the date above, and may not necessarily reflect adjustments that are routinely made when presenting net assets for formal financial statement purposes. Because this is a managed portfolio, the investment mix will change.
Current and future portfolio holdings are subject to risk.
Investors should carefully consider the fund's investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses before investing. To obtain a summary prospectus or prospectus containing this and other information, contact us or view the prospectus provided on this website. Please carefully read the summary prospectus or prospectus before investing.